NATIONAL PARKS TOURS PERU

ALL CULTURAL HIGHLIGHTS COMBINED WITH FABULOUS NATURE

 
 

 

 

 

 

PAMPA GALERAS NATIONAL RESERVE

PAMPA GALERAS NATIONAL RESERVE: Created to breed endangered vecuñas: From less than 6,000 worldwide in 1968 to now 300,000+. Also Best place to see Guanaco.

 

By the mid-60s, the world population of vicuñas had decreased to less than 6,000 animals, 1,000 of which lived in the Reserve when it was created in 1967; in 1993, the name was adjusted to Reserva National Pampa Galeras Bárbara D’Achille to honor the conservationist/news reported murdered by the Sendero Luminoso, Lightened Path, the ill-famed Peruvian terrorist group. Thanks to a very effective protection and research program, 15 years later, the population in Peru had grown to 52,000 animals, 5,000 of which lived in the reserve proper.

 

Why consider booking our  Peru National Parks Tour? Because for the same price, our tour gets you to ALL places Peru is so famous for. On top of that, you get to see 9 National Parks/Reserves accompanied by a naturalist guide. There is nothing similar on the market. As Peru can be combined with other countries, we organize tours in modules: Lima Cusco, Machu Picchu module, Manu National Park module, National Parks Module, All modules.

Destinations Overview:  World Heritage Site Lima,  World Heritage Site Cusco, Amazon park Manu National Park World Heritage Site Valle Sagrado/Sacred Valley, World Heritage Site Machu Picchu, Cloud Forest Machu Picchu Sanctuary, Highland wetland Titicaca National Reserve, Uros floating islands, Altiplano wildlife park Salinas & Aguadas Blancas National Reserve, World's second deepest canyon Colca Canyon, Word heritage site Arequipa, World heritage site Nazca Lines, Pampas Galeras National Reserve, San Fernando National Reserve, Paracas National Reserve, Ballestas Islands National Reserve.

 

The reserve is located at a high elevation between 4,000 and 5,000m, at an hour's ride from the city of Nazca, over a road climbing un from the coastal desert to the Altiplano, where the vegetation is primarily made up of dry grasses, like, Festuca sp., Stipa ichu and Calamagrostis sp. In wind-protected pockets, some remnant groves of Polylepsis sp. survive. In this barren environment, vicuñas thrive and have some of the highest densities in the country. The reserve proper is no more than 6,500ha, but the semi-protected surrounding bufferzone is about 60,000ha.

 

Financed by the German government in the 1970s, a research station and a parks ranger school were built in the reserve, which has ultimately led to some of the finest success stories in conservation, as nowadays some 400,000 individuals roam the highlands of Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina. In Perú, the population is managed under the supervision of CONACS, the National Council for South-american Camel species. Nowadays, the facilities are in disarray and watched over by a single park ranger.

 

With their numbers recovered to such high levels, the vicuñas are now scientifically managed during traditional festive events on 24 June, called "chaku" when the communities round up the animals and shear the valuable coats of the animal every 3 years. 

 

Another iconic wild Camel species is the Guanaco, which usually lives at lower elevations that the vicuñas, but which does occur in the reserve. Moreover, many species of birds frequent the area, including a variety of birds of prey and the Andes Condor.

 
Pampa Galeras National Reserve: Pampa Galeras National Reserve:

Entrance sign of Pampa Galeras National Reserve.

The research and ranger school at Pampa Galeras has fallen in disarray, but still is a monument to successful conservation

   
Pampa Galeras National Reserve: Pampa Galeras National Reserve:

Vicuñas live at great densities in and around the reserve.

   
Pampa Galeras National Reserve: Pampa Galeras National Reserve:

Guanacos, known by their larger size and dark head occur in the reserve as well as at lower elevations towards the coastal deserts.

The Andean Fox, is common on the Altiplano, though not often seen, due to a continuous persecution.

   
Pampa Galeras National Reserve: Old man cactus, Pampa Galeras, Peru Pampa Galeras National Reserve: Andes flower, probably an Senecio sp.

This is hairy cactus species is commonly known as "Old Man Cactus"

This species is probably a senecio sp., but if someone can verify the species, that would be great.

   

Pampa Galeras National Reserve: Antes altiplano Polylepis incana trees.

Polylepsis is a high elevation tree that grows as high as 4,000m and is one of the world's highest growing tree species. Most forests have been cut down as fuel wood and for construction, but a few groves survivein Pampa Galeras National Reserve, from where slow recovery is possible.

 

WHAT AND WHERE ARE THE NAZCA LINES & CLIMATE

BEST TIME OF THE YEAR TO VISIT THE NAZCA LINES. Graphs: hours of sunshine, overcast, rainfall, temperatures, etc.

What are the Nazca Lines

The Nazca Lines are geoglyphs in the desert sands near the city of Nazca, stretche out over an area of about 100,000 ha, with some 300 figures, of abstract lines, animals and plants. Composed of over 10,000 lines, some of which measure 30 meters wide and stretch more than 9 kilometers, the figures are most visible from the air or nearby hilltops.

 

Where are the Nazca Lines

The Nazca Lines are located at an elevation of around 500 m about 450 km South-East of Lima in a desert climate, due to the Humboldt current.

 

The Nazca Lines Climate

Often the days begin with an overcast sky, but clouds disappear by 9:00 - 10:00, allowing for flights over the Nazca lines. Down at the coast of San Fernando National Reserve, the climate is even drier, with hardly any precipitation at all. The little vegetation that one finds there probably depends on moisture brought in by nightly fogs.

 

As one rises from Nazca to Pampa Galeras, humidity gradually rises, while temperatures fall, which makes for fascinating desert vegetation transitions over very short distances.

 

The climate in the city of Nazca is even dryer that that of Lima; many days start out being overcast, but then, the skies often clear up by 9:00hrs in the morning, which is important for the flights over the Nazca lines. So, Every day is the best time of the year to visit the Nazca Lines Drawings. Closer to the coast however, in the San Fernando National Reserve, the weather is often very windy and frequently rather chilly. Bring a jacket.

 

Climate of Nazca

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Average high °C °F

30.7
87.3

31.3
88.3

31.3
88.3

30.4
86.7

28.3
82.9

27.1
80.8

25.3
77.5

26.5
79.7

28.3
82.9

28.9
84

29.8
85.6

30.0
86

28.99
84.17

Average low °C °F

16.8
62.2

17.8
64

16.9
62.4

14.8
58.6

12.2
54

9.3
48.7

7.9
46.2

9.3
48.7

10.1
50.2

11.5
52.7

12.4
54.3

14.9
58.8

12.83
55.07

Precipitation mm inches

2
0.08

2
0.08

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

4
0.16

Source: Climate-data.org UN, Climate of Nazca

WHAT R THE NAZCA LINES & WHERE ARE THEY LOCATED?: Cahuachi pyramid. WHAT R THE NAZCA LINES & WHERE ARE THEY LOCATED?: San Fernando National Reserve visit with dune buggy.

Click here for all climate zones of Peru

   

What makes us different from so many other tour operators?

Just look at the quality of our high resolution pictures. We took them all ourselves. We have thousands of high resolution pictures on this website, that you can see enlarged by clicking on them. These pictures show that we have been everywhere in the country of your interest and really know the details. We are professional explorers and biologists with MSc and PhD.

 

National Parks Tours Worldwide, a social responsibility and conservation company, is a brand name of the World Institute for Conservation & Environment, registered in the Netherlands with headquarters in the USA.

 

Phone USA:

(++)(1) 304 - 581 - 7740

 

Email:

info@nationalparks-worldwide.com

 

Skype: ecotravelworldwide

 

Parks Man Dr. Daan Vreugdenhil is author of this website. He dedicated his life to the conservation of nature. https://www.facebook.com/DrDaanVreugdenhil, https://www.linkedin.com/in/drdaanvreugdenhil/. He was part of the team that selected the first 39 protected areas of Ecuador in the 1970s and he initiated the Cuyabeno Lodge in Ecuador's Amazon in 1985, making him one of the world's eco tourism pioneers. A speaker of 8 languages and having traveled to 80+ countries, Dr Daan Vreugdenhil has is one of the world's greatest connoisseurs of nature and national parks in the world. 

This website and its programs have been created by the renowned conservation biologist "Parks Man" Dr. Daan Vreugdenhil